Definisi 16 Skills Yang Harus Dimiliki Di Abad 21 Menurut WEF

Ada enam belas kemampuan atau keterampilan yang harus dimiliki pada abad 21 menurut World Economic Forum.

Enam belas skills di atas dibagi menjadi tiga bagian yaitu:

  1. Foundational Literacies
  2. Competencies
  3. Character qualities

Saya akan menjelaskan definisi semua skills tersebut berdasarkan pengertian yang diuraikan oleh World Economic Forum.

skills menurut WFE yang harus dimiliki di abad 21

Foundational Literacies

  1. Literacy : ability to read, understand, and use written language.
  2. Numeracy : ability to use numbers and other symbols to understand and express quantitative relationships.
  3. Scientific literacy : ability to use scientific knowledge and principles to understand one’s environment and test hypotheses.
  4. ICT literacy : Ability to use and create technology-based content, including finding and sharing information, answering questions, interacting with other people and computer programming.
  5. Financial literacy : Ability to understand and apply conceptual and numerical aspects of finance in practice.
  6. Cultural and civic literacy : Ability to understand, appreciate, analyse and apply knowledge of the humanities.

    Competencies

    1. Critical thinking/problem-solving : Ability to identify, analyse and evaluate situations, ideas and information to formulate responses and solutions.

    2. Creativity : Ability to imagine and devise new, innovative ways of addressing problems, answering questions or expressing meaning through the application, synthesis or repurposing of knowledge.

    3. Communication : Ability to listen to, understand, convey andcotextualize information through verbal, nonverbal, visual and written means

    4. Collaboration : Ability to work in a team towards a common goal, including the ability to prevent and manage conflict.

    Character qualities

    1. Curiosity : Ability and desire to ask questions and to demostrate open-mindedness and inquisitiveness

    2. Initiative : Ability and desire to proactively undertake a new task or goal

    3. Persistence : ability to sustain interest and effort and to persevere to accomplish a task or goal.

    4. Adaptability : Ability to change plans, methods, opinions or goals in light of new information.

    5. Leadership : Ability to effectively direct, guide and inspire others to accomplish a common goal.

    6. Social and cultural awareness : Ability to interact with other people in a socially, culturally and ethically appropriate way.

Berdasarkan fakta di atas, maka orang tua (terutama para homeschoolers) harus update kurikulum pembelajaran bersama anak di rumah agar mengacu kepada skills atau keterampilan di atas.

Kumpulan tulisan yang terkait dengan kemampuan atau skills di atas dapat dibaca agar melengkapi informasi anda:

Literasi finansial untuk anak

Sukseskan gerakan literasi finansial di keluarga

Mengajarkan anak social skill

Contoh kurikulum pembelajaran literasi finansial

Cara membangkitkan rasa ingin tahu (curiosity) pada anak

Mengajarkan anak keterampilan self-management

Melatih anak berkomunikasi dengan baik

Digital literacy for kids / literasi digital untuk anak

Mengajarkan self-regulatory skills pada anak